PTA’s Geo-Blocking: HTTP Interception Tactics to Bar “X” Via possible Akamai’s Infrastructure

Posted on Feb 23, 2024

X (formerly Twitter) a prominent social media platform has been inaccessible in Pakistan as of February 17, 2024. This report aims to analyze the blocking mechanism employed by the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) to restrict access to X within the country. Through a detailed analysis of network traffic data and traceroute examinations, this study aims to understand the methods employed by PTA for censorship, their implications, and the broader context of internet censorship in Pakistan. Analysis of network traffic captured during attempted access to X reveals the blocking mechanism utilized by the PTA, which are discussed below in the results section.

Download report here


Posted on Feb 7, 2024

It has come to light that Khaleej Magazine, a self-proclaimed international media organization, has been engaging in deceptive practices to promote the agenda of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in Pakistan. By disguising itself as a UAE-based media entity, Khaleej Magazine aimed to wield influence and create a false perception of international media interest in Imran Khan.

for report Click here

MRG condemns violence against Jaranwala Christians in Pakistan

Posted on Aug 18, 2023

Minority Rights Group International (MRG) is gravely concerned by yesterday’s violence against the Christian community of Jaranwala, Faisalabad-Punjab, Pakistan. MRG strongly condemns the attack by the violent mob on Christian community members’ homes and the significant damage caused to a number of churches in the locality.

It urges the authorities to ensure that those responsible for the violence are brought to justice. The Christian community members affected should be offered full compensation and appropriate psychological support to address the resulting trauma. MRG further calls upon the government of Pakistan to respect, protect and promote the right to freedom of religion or belief for all its citizens.

After accusing two Christians of blasphemy, a crowd of hundreds of Muslim men attacked the community. The situation escalated after announcements inciting the...

E-Safety Bill, 2023 - Submission to The Ministry of Information Technology and Telecommunication

Posted on Aug 8, 2023

The E-Safety Bill 2023 (the “Bill”) is a hugely problematic piece of legislation, which will stifle freedom of expression and speech in Pakistan if passed in its current form. It will also cripple Pakistan’s nascent digital economy. From its preamble, the Bill claims to protect the fundamental rights of users of Social Network Platforms, foster competition, increase private investment, and safeguard the interests of users concerning e-commerce services and related matters. However, from the detailed examination it is evident that the actual purpose of the Bill differs from its stated objectives

to access complete submission Click here

for draft E-Safety-Bill Click here

Pakistan must honour its commitment to end discrimination against religious minorities

Posted on Jul 10, 2023

This statement was delivered on 10 July 2023 by Asif Aqeel in the name of MRG and our partners in Pakistan – Bargad, Bytes for All and Centre for Law and Justice – during the Adoption of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Pakistan at the 53rd session of the UN Human Rights Council.

Thank you Mr. President,

Minority Rights Group, together with its local partners Bargad, Bytes for All and Centre for Law and Justice have been working to address the very difficult situation facing those of minority faiths or no faith in Pakistan for over 5 years.

We welcome Pakistan’s acceptance of recommendations to put the National Commission for Human Rights in full conformity with the Paris Principle (recommendations 46.80 to 46.90). Pakistan needs a truly independent strengthened human rights and minority rights monitoring institution. We also welcome Pakistan’s...

Bytes for All, Pakistan (B4A) launches the Network Shutdown Report 2022

Posted on Jul 7, 2023

(Islamabad, July 7, 2023): Pakistani citizens have endured 24 network shutdowns in 2022 alone, marking a 58% increase compared to the previous year. Bytes for All, Pakistan (B4A) raises concerns over the alarming trend of network shutdown infringing upon civil, political and socio-economic rights of Pakistani citizens. Political turmoil, religious observances, security threats, and natural disasters like floods were among other instances of network closures in 2022. B4A has been maintaining a timeline of network shutdowns since the year 2012 at . It is also important to note that Pakistan’s Islamabad High Court had also declared Network Shutdowns to be illegal in a judgement on Feb 26, 2018.

B4A launches the report titled "Pakistan's Network Shutdown Report– An analysis of network shutdowns in Pakistan during 2022". This in-depth report examines the...

Bytes for All, Pakistan (B4A) releases annual Internet Landscape Report 2022

Posted on May 8, 2023

Bytes for All, Pakistan (B4A) releases annual Internet Landscape Report 2022; sheds light on evolving digital environment and human rights issues in Pakistan.

[Islamabad, 8 May 2023] - Bytes for All, Pakistan (B4A), a prominent digital rights organization, is pleased to announce the launch of its flagship annual report, "Pakistan's Internet Landscape report 2022." The comprehensive report delves into the complex relationship between human rights and information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Pakistan.

The Internet Landscape report serves as a valuable reference document that captures and examines the dynamic digital environment and its impact on various aspects of Pakistani society, including human rights, democracy, the economy, and national security. It aims to offer critical information for all segments of society, and foster meaningful discussions on the...